Spearfishing is an ancient method of fishing that has been used throughout the world for thousands of years. Spearfishing gear has evolved over the years as technology has developed. Early civilizations were familiar with the custom of spearing fish from rivers and streams using sharpened sticks. Now spearfishing has progressed to become an international sport and become more popular. Today, modern spearfishing makes use of elastic powered spear guns and slings, or compressed gas pneumatic powered spearguns, to strike the hunted fish. Specialized spearfishing techniques and spearfishing equipment have been developed for various types of aquatic environments and fish.
Spearfishing techniques have also change over the years. Traditional spear fishing is restricted to shallow waters, but the development of the spear gun allows fishing in deeper waters. The best free-diving spear fishers can hold their breath for 2 to 4 minutes, and dive to depths of 40 or even 60 meters (130 to 200 feet). However, dives of about one minute and 15 or 20 meters (50 to 70 feet) are more typical for the average spear fisher. With practice, divers are able to hold their breath for up to four minutes and sometimes longer; of course, a diver with underwater breathing equipment can dive for much longer periods.
With education and proper regulations, spearfishing can be an ecologically sustainable form of fishing. Great spearfishing locations can be found all across the world. The use of mechanically powered spear guns is outlawed in some jurisdictions. Finding the right spearfishing guide can make a big difference in your spearfishing experience. An experienced spearfishing guide will take you to the right spearfishing locations and give you the perfect shot.