The hardest part about fishing for cod is how to find the fish, cod marks have to be fished at the right time. A lot of the best places to find cod are fairly well known but there are a lot of considerations to take into account, for instance, the time of year, tide and weather. Cod fishing can provide an angler with not only a great time on the water but an incredibly good meal as well. Fishing for cod has been practiced around the globe for thousands of years.
The Atlantic cod, which can change color at certain water depths, has two distinct color phases: gray-green and reddish brown. Its average mass is 11–26 lb, but specimens weighing up to 220 lb have been recorded. Cod feed on mollusks, crabs, starfish, worms, squid, and small fish. Some migrate to warm water in winter to spawn. A large female lays up to five million eggs in mid ocean, a very small number of which survive.
Cod Fishing Locations
Forget following venues after hearing rumors of cod in a particular area, by the time you get there, more than likely the cod will be gone. Wait until the weather conditions and tide return to what they were when the fish appeared and then target that area again. Always check the tide times and the reported weather and judge your cod fishing at the most suitable time. Cod of course are very consistent in their behavior and are a shoal species, they always move with the weather and tide feeding as they go and always take what the sea provides.
Pacific or saltwater cod are also found around the coast of British Columbia, Canada and the Northwestern US coastal areas. Cod are currently at risk from overfishing in the UK, Canada and most other Atlantic countries. A Cod fishing guide or Cod fishing charter can be a great way to find these elusive fish. In the United States, New England is almost synonymous with cod fishing in prime locations such as Cape Cod and Stellwagen Bank & Jeffery’s Ledge not far off the famous fishing port of Gloucester in Massachusetts.
How to Catch Cod
The best time to fish for cod has to be night time and especially a high tide will always bring the cod closer inshore. In the daytime you will have to travel further out to sea looking for very deep water. Often if the sea is very rough and a strong inshore wind is blowing, cod will often move closer inshore in daylight hours simply looking for any marine life that may have been killed or disturbed by the rough sea. If you are fishing a rough sea and windy conditions a good beach casting tackle is required, when fishing for cod, use fishing tackle capable of casting 6 to 8oz. A heavy weight like this will be easier to cast further in such rough conditions. A good quality line of breaking strength up to 35lb, depending on conditions, less if the conditions are not so bad or use a braided line if the venue is rocky.
Baits used in cod fishing should be large and fragrant or use multiple smaller baits, but always remember you may need to cast quite a long way out and the bait will be subjected to high speed so make sure you fix the bait on securely. Cod have very large mouths so don’t be worried about putting large size bait on a hook. Large baits work great if the fish are closer inshore. When feeding, a cod will quite naturally eat anything in its swim and will often take large fish with no problem at all.
The cod is quite a lazy fish and will not often chase fish, they prefer a more leisurely approach to feeding they like to stay in the bottom of the water and swim slowly feeding as the go. Try to put your bait close on the bottom and move it up and down slowly a few times, you can even leave the bait on the bottom for a little while moving it a little bit at a time, making the bait appear more natural. Jigging is also a very effective technique for catching cod. Jigs come in many sizes and colors, but their primary design goal is to imitate an injured baitfish.
Cod Fish Taste
One of the healthiest and easiest types of fish to cook with is Cod. Additionally, this subtle fish will easily mesh well with nearly any flavor you decide to combine it with, but it also tastes great on it’s own. Cod meat is moist and flaky when cooked and is white in color. In the United Kingdom, Atlantic cod is one of the most common ingredients in fish and chips. Chances are if you have ever had fish and chips or frozen fish you have eaten cod. Ask your cod fishing guide or charter captain for their favorite cod recipes and they will usually be happy to share at least one or two with you.
A few More Cod Fishing Tips
Deep-sea cod fishing is one of the most fun trips your family can ever take. Often fishing for cod is out of a small, motorized boat about 300 to 500 yards away from the shore. Cods are usually about 5 to 30 lb. heavy on average, and they primarily feed on whiting and pouting. They will also take codling and flatfish such as dabs, and any small, slow swimming fish. Besides that they also like shrimp and crabs, and any other small fish or crayfish that stay near the bottom of the water. The cod does not frequently catch Pollack and coalies because they are too fast and maneuver too easily for the slightly slow and laboring cod. The same goes for eels and squid.
Cods have golden backs that blend into a white belly and a large shovel shaped tail. The best time for cod fishing will be around November to March, when the water is still cold and when the cod seeks a more shallow feeding ground. Visit our Cod fishing guide and Cod fishing charter page today to find the right professional for your next adventure. When planning your next Cod fishing trip visit our fishing charter directory, Cod fishing guide or Cod fishing charter page to link up with the right professional fishing charter for an unforgettable fishing trip.